Showing posts from December, 2017

Video of the Outreach Programme for Oral Health Education

Don’t hesitate to contact me for further clarification, Dr. Odeyemi Kolade Project Smile 32 Senior facilitator 0906-1999-927.


Throughout this festive season we will be increasing our intake of sugar, whether it be through alcohol or sweet foods, so it's vital we take extra special care of our teeth and gums.  It is good to note that – It is not actually about how much sugar we eat or drink but how long it stays in our mouths. The best time to eat sweets and sugary foods/drinks is at mealtimes. This is because we produce more saliva when we are eating which helps to neutralise the acids produced by bacteria in the mouth and it also helps to rinse away food particles and sugary substances.  The sugar that cause the most problems are refined sugars such as in sweets such as lollipops, soft drinks, chocolates, and other sticky foods, as these remain in our mouths for a longer time while they are being eaten. These sugars combine with the natural bacteria in the mouth and produce acids that break down the protective tooth enamel, eventually causing tooth decay. We also often neglect our oral hyg


The Miyazaki  et al.  classification Genuine halitosis A. Physiologic halitosis B. Pathologic halitosis (i) Oral (ii) Extra-oral Pseudohalitosis Halitophobia QUICK FACTS ON BAD BREATH (HALITOSIS) The Tangerman and Winkel classification Intra-oral halitosis Extra-oral halitosis A. Blood borne halitosis (i) Systemic diseases (ii) Metabolic diseases (iii) Food (iv) Medication B. Non-blood borne halitosis (i) Upper respiratory tract (ii) Lower respiratory tract Cause Based classification Type 0 (physiologic) Type 1 (oral) Type 2 (airway) Type 3 (gastroesophageal) Type 4 (blood-borne) Type 5 (subjective) CAUSES OF HALITOSIS ( BAD BREATH ) Don’t hesitate to contact me for further clarification,  Dr. Odeyemi Kolade Project Smile 32 Senior facilitator   0906-1999-927.


Geographic tongue. This is an inflammatory condition of the top and sides of the tongue. The tongue is normally covered with small pink-white hair-like projections (papillae). With geographic tongue, the patches are missing the papillae and are smooth, red “islands” surrounded by slightly raised borders. These denuded patches of redness shift in position over hours and days. The cause of the condition is not known; there may be some relationship to psoriasis. Geographic tongue is fairly common and is not an indication of oral cancer or infection. No treatment is effective. The condition is largely asymptomatic, but sometimes the tongue can burn when hot, spicy, or acidic food is eaten. Color Atlas of Pediatric Dermatology Samuel Weinberg, Neil S. Prose, Leonard Kristal Copyright 2008, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Don’t hesitate to contact me for further clarification,  Dr. Odeyemi Kolade Project Smile


Sugary and Acidic Drinks Sugary  and energy drinks are harmful to your teeth, especially if taking throughout or at intervals of the day. The acids wear away  the enamel, making it more susceptible to bacteria attack. Solution:   if thirsty,  drink water only. If you must have an occasional sugary or  energy drink, consume it at one sitting and rinse with water afterwards. Using Your Teeth as Tools Teeth are meant for chewing food and that’s all! Not for improvising as cockscrew, openers etc. or cutting all manners of things. Solution:  Find the right tool for the job! Nail Biting Constant nail biting  can cause teeth and fillings to chip and wear. Solution:  Avoid it Brushing Too Hard Brushing too hard does more harm than good to the teeth. Wears away the enamel hence, predisposing the teeth to sensitivity and bacteria attack. Solution:  Brush gently and effectively with the right technique using a soft toothbrush.


The specific odor of breath can vary depending on the cause of the problem. It is best to ask a close friend or relative to gauge your mouth odor as it is very difficult to assess it yourself. If no one is to hand, one way of checking the odor is to lick your wrist, leave it to dry and then smell it. If it smells bad, there is a strong chance your breath also smells bad. Or preferably, scrape the surface of your tongue with a tongue scrapper, allow to dry and smell it. There are a variety of sophisticated detectors that can rate odor more precisely, they include the following: Halimeter:  detects low levels of sulfur Gas chromatography:  measures three volatile sulfur compunds - hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide BANA test :  measures for a specific enzyme produced by halitosis-causing bacteria Beta-galactosidase test:  levels of the enzyme beta-galactosidase have been found to correlate with mouth odor . Don’t hesitate to contact me for fu


Definition Is a condition whereby a Foul-smelling breath emanating from the mouth. Usually caused by the breakdown of food, other causes include poor dental hygiene, dry mouth, disease, infection, tobacco use and severe dieting. Causes ·          Food particles from stinky foods like garlic and onions ·          Smoking ·          Respiratory Infections ·          Dry Mouth ·          Fasting ·          Acid Reflux ·          Poor Oral Hygiene ·          Dental Problem like gum disease and tooth decay. ·          Medical issues- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Mouth, Nose, Ear and       Throat infection. It could also be a sign of some liver and kidney diseases. ·         Crash diets:  Fasting and low-carbohydrate eating programs can produce halitosis; ·         Drugs:  certain medications can reduce saliva and, therefore, increase odors.      Other drugs can produce odors as they breakdown and release chemicals in the breath. Examples inc


·              Bad breath is estimated to affect 1 in 4 people globally ·              The most common cause of halitosis is bad oral hygiene ·              If particles of food are left in the mouth, their breakdown by bacteria produces sulfur compounds ·              There are a number of common causes of bad breath, including smoking, tooth decay and alcohol consumption ·              Keeping the mouth hydrated can reduce mouth odor ·              Bad breath in children is often due to a trapped item in the nasal cavity ·              Rarer causes of bad breath include bowel obstruction, ketoacidosis and aspiration  pneumonia ·              The best treatment for bad breath is regular brushing, flossing and hydration Don’t hesitate to contact me for further clarification, Dr. Odeyemi Kolade     Project Smile 32 Senior facilitator 0906-1999-927.